A warp stand, used to support the warp when it is in the process of being set up is called an Adaan in regions such as Kutch. Traditionally an Adaan was made in wood but nowadays also made in metal.
Also known as non- violent silk, the silkworms are not killed while producing the silk yarn. It has a soft, slubby texture with less lusture to it.
Baluchari is a type of sari woven in parts of West Bengal, India and Bangladesh. Intricate patterns inspired from the stories of Ramayan and Mahabharat are woven with richly dyed silk yarns, generally around the rend of the sari (Pallu).
Preparation wet process that is done to a greige substrate in order to impart a white base for dyeing light and/or bright shades
A resist-dyeing process in which portions of fabric are coated with wax so that only the un-waxed areas will take on the dye-matter. The operation can be repeated several times for multiple colors
A heavy, exquisite jacquard type fabric with an all-over raised pattern or floral design. Common end-uses include such formal applications as upholstery, draperies, and eveningwear.
Basketweave or Panama weave is a simple type of textile weave. In basketweave, groups of warp and weft threads are interlaced so that they form a simple criss-cross pattern. Each group of weft threads crosses an equal number of warp threads by going over one group, then under the next, and so on.
Thick expensive material with a raised pattern
Chanderi is a traditional ethnic fabric characterized by its lightweight, sheer texture and fine luxurious feel. Chanderi fabric is produced by weaving in silk and zari in the cotton yarn.
Chenille is a yarn/fabric characterized by fizzy piles. It is a woven fabric that can be made from a variety of different fibers, including cotton, silk, wool and rayon.
Which means 'spinning wheel', is used for spinning yarn from the fibre. Charkha has a symbolic importance, which represented self-sufficiency during the swadeshi movement in India.
The wool of a type of goat from India.
Soft, white, closely woven cotton fabric calendered to achieve a high glaze. Used mainly for pocket linings, underwear, aprons, shirts, and handkerchiefs. Originally made in Cambrai, France, of linen and used for church embroidery and table line
The rubbing-off of dye from a fabric. Crocking can be the result of lack of penetration of the dyeing agent, the use of incorrect dyes or dyeing procedures, or the lack of proper washing procedures and finishing treatments after the dyeing process.
Made from the natural fiber of the cotton plant (scientific name - Gossypium). It is spun into yarn and then woven to a soft, durable fabric.
A sheer fabric of silk or rayon.
A soft thin light fabric with a crinkled surface.
A Dobby loom, or dobbie loom s a type of floor loom that controls all the warp threads using a device called a Dobby. A Dobby loom is an alternative to a treadle loom. Both are floor looms in which every warp thread on the loom is attached to a single shaft using a device called a heddle.
Denier is a unit of measurement used to determine the fiber thickness of yarns or filaments. Fabrics with a high denier count tend to be thick, sturdy, and durable. Fabrics with a low denier count tend to be sheer, soft, and silky.
A glossy jacquard fabric, usually made from linen, cotton, rayon, silk, or blends. The patterns are flat and reversible. The fabric is often used in napkins, tablecloths, draperies, and upholstery.
Cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds.
Dupion fabric is a silk fabric woven with fine even yarn in the warp and slubby uneven yarn in the weft. While dupion yarn is a rough, slub silk yarn.
A decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure. Dobbies may be of any weight or compactness, with yarns ranging from very fine to coarse and fluffy. Standard dobby fabrics are usually flat and relatively fine or sheer. However, some heavyweight dobby fabrics are available for home furnishings and for heavy apparel
The size of an individual filament, or an individual staple fiber if it were continuous, The dpf is determined by dividing the yarn denier per filament by the number of filaments in the yarn.
The ability of a fiber or fabric to return to its original length, shape, or size immediately after the removal of stress.
Eri silk is also known as Ahimsa silk. The yarn is processed without killing the silkworn.Due to which the texture of the yarn is slub.
An embellishment of a fabric or garment in which colored threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design. Embroidery may be done either by hand or machine.
A calendering process in which fabrics are engraved with the use of heated rollers under pressure to produce a raised design on the fabric surface.
The basic entity, either natural or manufactured, which is twisted into yarns, and then used in the production of a fabric.
A glossy, soft, finely-ribbed silk-like woven fabric made from cotton, silk, or manufactured fibers.
Flax, also known as common flax or linseed, is a flowering plant, Linum usitatissimum, in the family Linaceae. ... Textiles made from flax are known in Western countries as linen, and are traditionally used for bed sheets, underclothes, and table linen.
The fancy yarn is a yarn that looks different from regular yarns. The yarn surface of fancy yarns is modified by different methods.
A manufactured fiber of indefinite length (continuous), extruded from the spinneret during the fiber production process.
A lightweight fabric with a thick, heavy fleece-like surface. It may be a pile or napped fabric, or either woven or knit construction. End uses include coats, jackets, blankets, etc.
The wool shorn from any sheep, or from any animal in the wool category.
A soft light woolen fabric; used for clothing
Ghicha is the silken yarn obtained from cocoon which do not get included in the routine process of reeling in of tussar silk directly from the cocoon. This yarn is generally used as blend material with pure silk fabric or katia silk or pure cotton fabric.
Greige Fabric is also known as grey fabric and the term grey does not indicate the color of the fabric but the finish. This fabric is unprocessed or unfinished which hasn't been dyed, bleached and processed. It can be used in the making of upholstery, home linen, clothes, garments and more.
Gajji silk is another exquisite quality silk that is a vegetable-based silk fabric with a satin weave.
GSM stands for grams per square meter, and is a standard measurement for fabric weight.
Georgette is a sheer, lightweight, dull-finished crêpe fabric named after the early 20th century French dressmaker Georgette de la Plante. Originally made from silk, Georgette is made with highly twisted yarns. Its characteristic crinkly surface is created by alternating S- and Z-twist yarns in both warp and weft.
When fibers are drawn out and twisted together to form a yarn by hand, it is said to be handspun. When these yarns are woven together using a manual loom, the fabric thus formed is said to be handwoven.
A fabric or item of clothing woven by hand.
Spinning is an ancient textile art in which plant, animal or synthetic fibres are drawn out and twisted together to form yarn. For thousands of years, fibre was spun by hand using simple tools, the spindle and distaff.
Ikat (in Indonesian languages means "bind") is a dyeing technique originated from Indonesia used to pattern textiles that employs resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric. A characteristic of ikat textiles is an apparent "blurriness" to the design.
Fabric made to look like leather
Jacquard fabric is a textured fabric that has complex patterns woven into it, rather than printed, dyed, or embroidered on top. Jacquard can be created from any material, since the fabric is defined by its weave, rather than the fiber it is woven from.
Jamdani (Bengali: জামদানি) is a fine muslin textile (figured with different patterns) produced for centuries in South Rupshi of Narayanganj district in Bangladesh on the bank of Shitalakhwa river. Jamdani is typically woven using a mixture of cotton and gold thread.
Kota Doria is the name of a lightweight fabric made of tiny woven squares (khat) which is handwoven on loom. Silk is added to the cotton in a 20:80 ratio approximately.
Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric. It is used in many types of garments. Knitting may be done by hand or by machine. Knitting creates stitches: loops of yarn in a row, either flat or in the round. There are usually many active stitches on the knitting needle at one time.
Khadi fabric, also known as khaddar, is a hand woven natural fibre made with cotton. The other variations of Khadi fabric include silk and wool.
Linen is a plant-based fiber obtained from Flax fibers. Linen yarn is spun from the long fibers found just behind the bark in the multi-layer stem of the flax plant.
Lace is a delicate fabric made of yarn or thread in an open weblike pattern, made by machine or by hand. Generally, lace is divided into two main categories, needlelace and bobbin lace. There are other types of lace, such as knitted or crocheted lace.
A loom is a device used to weave cloth and tapestry. The basic purpose of any loom is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads. The precise shape of the loom and its mechanics may vary, but the basic function is the same.
Mashru is a vibrant and sleek fabric, and often called the master of satin finishes. The word means 'Permitted' in Arabic, while the Sanskrit translation, 'Misru' means 'Mixed'. Mashru fabric hails from West Asia where the Muslim community popularised the fabric because of its utility factor.
Mulberry silk, also called 'Natural silk', is a continuous fiber made by silkworms when spinning their cocoon. There is a specific type of moth larvae that consumes nothing but Mulberry tree leaves and thus the name for the product called Mulberry Silk.
Mesh fabric is a barrier material that is produced from connected strands. As the fibers are woven together, they create a very flexible, net-type finish that has a tremendous range of end-uses.
A plain-woven cotton fabric.
Short fiber removed during the combing of a textile fiber and often separately spun into yarn.
A synthetic fabric.
Needle loom (Weaving), a loom in which the weft thread is carried through the shed by a long eye-pointed needle instead of by a shuttle.
Oxford is a basket weave where multiple weft threads are crossed over an equal number of warp threads. Often, one color of weft is crossed with a white warp thread resulting in a two-tone color appearance. The two-by-two weave creates a slightly rougher texture but is more durable than most fabrics.
A fabric made of silk or a silk like fabric that resembles organdy.
As the name suggests, 'Pit Loom' is a type of loom which is fit in a pit where the artisan makes the rug through the use of pedals, and normally the base of pit loom is more strong than handloom & can go without using latex.
Paithani is a sari made of silk and zari. It is a plain weave, with weft figuring designs according to the principles of tapestry. Traditionally, Paithanis had a coloured, cotton muslin field that often contained considerable supplementary zari patterning. However, in the 19th century, silk fields were also woven.
The process of winding filling yarns onto filling bobbins, or quills, in preparation for use in the shuttle for weaving.
A quilt is a multi-layered textile, traditionally composed of two or more layers of fabric or fiber. Commonly 3 layers are used. These layers traditionally include a woven cloth top, a layer of batting or wadding, and a woven back combined using the techniques of quilting.
A reed is part of a weaving loom, and resembles a comb. It is used to separate and space the warp threads, to guide the shuttle's motion across the loom, and to push the weft threads into place. The reed is securely held by the beater, and consists of a frame with many vertical slits.
Rayon is a semi-synthetic cellulosic fiber used widely in everything from clothing construction to bedsheets to tire cord. While rayon is made from natural materials (like beech trees or bamboo), it undergoes intense chemical processing, making it a manufactured fiber.
A boat-shaped device usually made of wood with a metal tip that carries filling yarns through the shed in the weaving process.
Satin is one of the three major textile weaves, along plain weave and twill. The satin weave creates a fabric that is shiny, soft, and elastic with a beautiful drape. Satin fabric is characterized by a soft, lustrous surface on one side, with a duller surface on the other side.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. The best-known silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity.
Tussar is the silken yarn produced from silk worms that breed on wild forest trees.
Thread count is a measure of the number of threads woven into one square inch of fabric. Essentially, it's a measure of how tightly woven a fabric is. It is calculated by adding together the numbers of lengthwise (warp) and widthwise (weft) threads within a certain area.
Tapestry is a form of textile art, traditionally woven by hand on a loom. Tapestry is weft-faced weaving, in which all the warp threads are hidden in the completed work, unlike most woven textiles, where both the warp and the weft threads may be visible.
A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking network of yarns or threads, which are produced by spinning raw fibres into long and twisted lengths. Textiles are then formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, tatting, felting, bonding, or braiding these yarns together.
The tissue is woven out of a multitude of fibers among which one of the famous varieties is tissue silk. Designed impeccably, the charm of these fabrics is evergreen. The fine sheer silk fabric is woven with silver and gold threads and is sometimes even embossed with intricate figures.
Tweed is a rough, woolen fabric, of a soft, open, flexible texture, resembling cheviot or homespun, but more closely woven. It is usually woven with a plain weave, twill or herringbone structure. Colour effects in the yarn may be obtained by mixing dyed wool before it is spun.
Covering on a piece of furniture.
Heavy fabric that resembles velvet
A usually cotton fabric with a short pile imitating velvet.
Used of rubber) treated by a chemical or physical process to improve its properties (hardness and strength and odor and elasticity)
A silky densely piled fabric with a plain back.
A leather like material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth.
A light semitransparent fabric.
Made or constructed by interlacing threads or strips of material or other elements into a whole
The yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving.
A tightly twisted woolen yarn spun from long-staple wool.
Fabric woven of metallic wire.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. Other methods are knitting, crocheting, felting, and braiding or plaiting. The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave.
Weft threads are the threads that run from selvage to selvage (side-to-side, horizontally). Any fabric created on a loom will have a warp and weft thread. This threading or weaving is how you turn thread or yarn into fabric.
X- is used in drafting a weave on a graph.
Fabrics come in various widths, so a yard of the fabric refers to the length of material only. The material is unrolled from the bolt, and you should measure 36 inches or 3 feet. That's precisely how much a yard of fabric is.
A fine cord of twisted fibers used in sewing and weaving.
A thick, soft woolen fabric with a long nap.
Zari (or Jari) is an even thread traditionally made of fine gold or silver used in traditional Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani garments, especially as brocade in saris etc. This thread is woven into fabrics, primarily of silk, to make intricate patterns and elaborate designs of embroidery called zardozi.
*Our ever-evolving Glossary!